Richard Cameron (1648 – 22 July 1680)
Richard Cameron was born at Falkland in Fife. A teacher and Covenanter, he was also a successful field preacher. As a strict Presbyterian, he was fearless, outspoken and very firm in his beliefs. In 1680, almost a year after the Covenanters’ defeat at Bothwell Bridge, Cameron and a small group of supporters displayed a public statement against the King. Cameron, “The Lion of the Covenant”, had sealed his own fate. The group was set upon by government troops at Airds Moss in Ayrshire. Although hopelessly outnumbered, the Covenanters fought bravely. Cameron prayed to God three times to “Spare the green and take the ripe”. Following capture, Cameron was beheaded, his hands were removed and then presented in Edinburgh with the words - “There’s the head & hands that lived praying and preaching, and died praying and fighting”. In his honour, his Covenanting followers became known as Cameronians.