Japan declared war on Britain in late 1941. At this time the 1st Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) was in India, an ideal place to travel to Burma.
The 1st Battalion arrived to join the Burma campaign in early 1942. Its role was to hold up the Japanese advance, and allow for people and places to be evacuated. With a shortage of weapons, little transport and hostile locals, this was a particularly tough assignment. This campaign ended in defeat for the British Army. Many men were killed, and so what was left of the 1st Battalion The Cameronians left to regroup and create a new 1st Battalion.
In 1944, the 1st Battalion was again in Burma, this time as part of the famous Chindit campaign. This campaign was unique in the way that the troops carried out a series of small attacks to form a prolonged raid on the Japanese army. During a 5 month period they assisted the Chinese Army and helped keep open vital supply routes.
During their time in Burma, the men of 1st Battalion fought in the jungle, against an experienced enemy. Due to the seasonal monsoon rains and difficult terrain in the region, the campaigns in Burma were both complex and unique.